Blood Testing · Laboratories · Medical Laboratory

Types of Blood Tests

Probably the most widely recognized blood tests are:
  • A complete blood count (CBC)
  • Blood chemistry tests
  • Blood enzyme tests
  • Blood tests to assess heart disease risk
Complete Blood Count
The CBC is a standout amongst the most widely recognized blood tests. It’s frequently done as a feature of a normal checkup.
The CBC can distinguish blood ailments and disarranges, for example, pallor, diseases, thickening issues, blood malignancies, and safe framework issue. This test measures various parts of your blood, as examined in the accompanying passages.
Red Blood Cells
Red platelets convey oxygen from your lungs to whatever remains of your body. Strange red platelet levels might be an indication of iron deficiency, lack of hydration (too minimal liquid in the body), dying, or another confusion.
White Blood Cells
White platelets are a piece of your safe framework, which battles contaminations and illnesses. Strange white platelet levels might be an indication of contamination, blood tumor, or a safe framework issue.
A CBC measures the general number of white platelets in your blood. A CBC with differential takes a gander at the measures of various sorts of white platelets in your blood.
Platelets
Platelets (PLATE-lets) are platelet pieces that help your blood coagulation. They stick together to seal cuts or breaks on vein dividers and quit dying.
Anomalous platelet levels might be an indication of a draining issue (insufficient coagulating) or a thrombotic issue (an excess of thickening).
Hemoglobin
Hemoglobin (HEE-muh-gleam receptacle) is an iron-rich protein in red platelets that conveys oxygen. Anomalous hemoglobin levels might be an indication of pallor, sickle cell iron deficiency, thalassemia (thal-a-SE-me-ah), or other blood issue.
On the off chance that you have diabetes, abundance glucose in your blood can connect to hemoglobin and raise the level of hemoglobin A1c.
Hematocrit
Hematocrit (hee-MAT-goodness crit) is a measure of how much space red platelets take up in your blood. A high hematocrit level may mean you’re dried out. A low hematocrit level may mean you have weakness. Unusual hematocrit levels likewise might be an indication of a blood or bone marrow issue.
Mean Corpuscular Volume
Mean corpuscular (kor-PUS-kyu-lar) volume (MCV) is a measure of the normal size of your red platelets. Unusual MCV levels might be an indication of frailty or thalassemia.
Blood Chemistry Tests/Basic Metabolic Panel
The essential metabolic board (BMP) is a gathering of tests that measures diverse chemicals in the blood. These tests for the most part are done on the liquid (plasma) a portion of blood. The tests can give specialists data about your muscles (counting the heart), bones, and organs, for example, the kidneys and liver.
The BMP incorporates blood glucose, calcium, and electrolyte tests, and also blood tests that measure kidney work. Some of these tests oblige you to quick (not eat any nourishment) before the test, and others don’t. Your specialist will let you know how to plan for the test(s) you’re having.
Blood Glucose
Glucose is a sort of sugar that the body utilizes for vitality. Unusual glucose levels in your blood might be an indication of diabetes.
For some blood glucose tests, you need to quick before your blood is drawn. Other blood glucose tests are done after a supper or whenever with no planning.
Calcium
Calcium is a vital mineral in the body. Strange calcium levels in the blood might be an indication of kidney issues, bone infection, thyroid sickness, growth, hunger, or another turmoil.
Electrolytes
Electrolytes are minerals that keep up liquid levels and corrosive base adjust in the body. They incorporate sodium, potassium, bicarbonate, and chloride.
Anomalous electrolyte levels might be an indication of drying out, kidney malady, liver infection, heart disappointment, hypertension, or different issue.
Kidneys
Blood tests for kidney work measure levels of blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine (kre-AT-ih-neen). Both of these are squander items that the kidneys sift through of the body. Anomalous BUN and creatinine levels might be indications of a kidney sickness or turmoil.
Blood Enzyme Tests
Proteins are chemicals that control compound responses in your body. There are many blood compound tests. This segment concentrates on blood chemical tests used to check for heart assault. These incorporate troponin and creatine (KRE-ah-adolescent) kinase (CK) tests.
Troponin
Troponin is a muscle protein that helps your muscles contract. Whenever muscle or heart cells are harmed, troponin spills out, and its levels in your blood rise.
For instance, blood levels of troponin rise when you show at least a bit of kindness assault. Hence, specialists regularly arrange troponin tests when patients have mid-section torment or other heart assault signs and manifestations.
Creatine Kinase
A blood item called CK-MB is discharged when the heart muscle is harmed. Abnormal amounts of CK-MB in the blood can imply that you’ve shown at least a bit of kindness assault.
Blood Tests To Assess Heart Disease Risk
A lipoprotein board is a blood test that can demonstrate whether you’re at hazard for coronary illness (CHD). This test takes a gander at substances in your blood that convey cholesterol.
A lipoprotein board gives data about your:
Add up to cholesterol.
LDL (“terrible”) cholesterol. This is the principle wellspring of cholesterol development and blockages in the conduits. (For more data about blockages in the veins, go to the Diseases and Conditions Index Atherosclerosis article.)
HDL (“great”) cholesterol. This sort of cholesterol abatements blockages in the veins.
Triglycerides. Triglycerides are a sort of fat in your blood.
A lipoprotein board measures the levels of LDL and HDL cholesterol and triglycerides in your blood. Unusual cholesterol and triglyceride levels might be indications of expanded hazard for CHD.
The vast majority should quick for 9 to 12 hours before a lipo protein board.
Blood Clotting Tests
Blood thickening tests some of the time are known as a coagulation (KO-ag-yu-LA-evade) board. These tests check proteins in your blood that influence the blood coagulating process. Strange test outcomes may propose that you’re at danger of draining or creating clusters in your veins.
Your specialist may prescribe these tests in the event that he or she supposes you have a confusion or infection identified with blood thickening.
Blood thickening tests additionally are utilized to screen individuals who are going out on a limb medications to bring down the danger of blood clusters. Warfarin and heparin are two cases of such solutions.
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